Arts and ScienceКультура и наукаKunst und Wissenschaften

Armenian arts of the 19th – 20th centuries were influenced by the Western and Russian cultures. The greatest Armenian arts figures are known all over the world: composers Aram Khachaturyan, Makayel Tariverdiev, Arno Babajanyan; artists Ivan Ayvazovski, Vardges Surenyants, Martiros Saryan, Hakob Kojoyan;  poets Avetik Isahakyan, Yeghishe Charents and Sayat-Noya;  writers Hovhannes Tumanyan, Khachatur Abovyan;  actor Frunzik Mkrtchyan;  singer, actor and composer Charles Aznavour; founder of the Armenian polyphonic music school Komitas, and many others.

The works of Armenian painters are widely represented in the National ArtGallery and the Modern Art Museum; manuscripts of some of the Armenian poets are exhibited in the Ethnography and Folklore Museum in Sardarapat.  The exposition of  Matenadaran in Yerevan contains monuments of Armenian written culture – about 16 thousand manuscripts.

Concert Hall of Opera and Ballet Theater

In 1922, the State Academic Theater after Gabriel Sundukyan was opened in Yerevan.  Other objects of pride in Yerevan are:  The Opera and Ballet Theater that seats up to 1,300 visitors, and the Russian Drama Theater, where not only Russian, but also Armenian and European dramaturgy is performed.  The Armenian dramatic art goes back in its roots to the epoch of King Tigran 2nd (1st century B.C.), who ordered to build an amphitheater where Greek actors performed.

Walls painted by Children in Yerevan
"Vernisage" Open Air Market in Yerevan
A Monument to Mesrop Mashtots - Founder of Armenian Alphabet

Among the famous scientific figures of Armenia are:  the creator of the Armenian Alphabet, scientist Mesrop Mashtots, the father of the Armenian historiography, Movses Khorenatsi, a prominent scientist and pedagogue Anania Shirakatsi, aircraft designer Artyom Mikoyan, poet and writer Avetik Isahakyan, painter of sea-scapes Ivan Ayvazovski, and many others.

Scientists all over the world come to Armenia for conferences and other scientific symposiums on various issues.  The National Library of Armenia contains about 6,185 thousand printed publications. The Republican Scientific-Technical Library possesses a fund of 20 million units of issue.