What to see in YerevanЧто посмотреть в ЕреванеSehenswürdigkeiten in Jerewan

May you not be surprised, like many other travelers and guests of our capital, by the fact that Yerevan is as old as Rome, the “eternal city”.  It is true indeed. You can make sure of it by visiting the Museum of foundation of Erebuni city-fortress, from which our capital grew up.

The capital of Armenia is one of the most ancient and most beautiful cities in the world.  Yerevan is a treasury of many architectural monuments.  Below are some of the sights we recommend seeing first.  Welcome to a fascinating walk in Yerevan.

Republic Square at Night

Republic Square is the central square of the city, which until 1991 was named after Lenin.  By its shape it resembles two geometrical figures: an oval and a trapeze.  The Government and Ministries buildings are symmetrically situated on the eastern and western sides of the square; they harmonize with each other in size, configuration and silhouette.   The architectural ensemble of the square is completed by the buildings of “Marriott Armenia” Hotel, House of Communications, Hotel “Erebuni”, former house of Unions and the Museum Compound with “singing” fountains in front.

Charles Aznavour Square
Kond - the oldest neighborhood in Yerevan
The statue of Andranik and the Church of St. Gregory the Illuminator

From the North to the South, Yerevan is crossed by Hrazdan gorge with its picturesque parks, lakes and waterfalls, sports grounds, cafes and restaurants.  From the “Hakhtanak” bridge across the gorge there is magnificent view of the city, and behind the bridge is the world-famous producer of Armenian brandy, “Ararat” Factory.

Wine Factory and Hakhtanak Bridge

Mesrop Mashtots Avenue runs from the “Hakhtanak” bridge.  This avenue is the main road of Yerevan with a length of 2 km.  During your walks you will see “The Blue Mosque”, the only functioning mosque in Armenia, the ”Hayart” Center for Conceptual Art, the Modern Art Museum, the Theater Square, the Opera and Ballet Theater, the Swan Lake that repeats Lake Sevan’s shape, as well as monuments of many famous Armenians. In the very end of the avenue the building of Matenadaran is located. The exposition of  Matenadaran in Yerevan contains monuments of Armenian written culture – about 16 thousand manuscripts.

Statues at Cascade
State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater
"Tsitsernakaberd" Genocide Memorial

The Cascade architectural composition represents a system of fountains, flower beds and step junctions, than connects the Northern and the Central parts of the city. By the means of escalators one can rise to the main observation platform of Yerevan and continue the walk in the “Hakhtanak” park. 

Opera and Ballet Theatre

It was designed by Alexander Tamanyan famous Armenian Architect, who, in original fashion, combined two auditoria in one building by constructing one roof over both stages. The Opera and Ballet Theatre holds 1,260 people, and the Concert Hall holds 1,400. The latter was built by Tamanyan's son Georgy, who completed his entire father's works after his death. Both halls are shaped like amphitheatres and have excellent acoustics. The architect was awarded a gold medal at the International Exhibition in Paris in 1936.

Tsitsernakaberd Memorial
is especially respected by tourists.  In 1967 in the Eastern part of the park, a Monument to the victims of 1915 genocide was constructed.  Its 12 concrete blocks symbolize the forfeited regions of Eastern Armenia and other regions of Anatolia inhabited by Armenians, where the genocide took place.  The obelisk is divided into two parts:  they almost adjoin each other and symbolize the separation of Western and Eastern Armenia.  The Memorial Wall is situated along the mournful alley leading to the monument.  As a completion of your stroll you can go down on Tsitsernakaberd highway to the Hakhtanak Bridge and return to city center.